Improvements in logistics management processes and competitive pressures due to market forces compel companies to progressively optimise their fixed assets in order to free up financial resources, while they must simultaneously improve the level of service they provide for their customers.
This means the equipment they use is subject to increasingly demanding specialisation because of the progressive intensification of its activity. Current storage systems are technically highly optimised assets. There are specific regulatory frameworks governing their design, installation and use in function of their characteristics (open and perforated thin-walled sections). Their main advantage is they represent highly competitive solutions as they can support heavy loads at great heights and with very little material; their main disadvantage is that they are more susceptible to inappropriate use and therefore require an inspection and maintenance programme to guarantee their performance.
Racking and storage systems are generally operated by handling equipment (forklift trucks, etc.) which constantly interact with them. This interaction, mainly during loading, unloading and transit operations, racking components can suffer impacts of varying intensities and frequency. Other incidences also occur from using loading units, handling elements or due to unsuitable planning and design for storage needs. Lastly, using racking for a purpose other than which it was designed, changing its location, moving it or altering its layout can negatively affect these systems' integrity.
As a result, damage to the racking's structural elements creates a loss of function, which reduces its load capacity and affects its stability, creating high risk situations that could lead to very serious material damages and personal injuries.
In this context, significant effort has been made to develop regulations to systematise appropriate use and maintenance of this type of equipment, notably the training of staff responsible for its use.
In accordance with the provisions of Spanish Royal Decree RD 1215/1997 which sets out the minimum health and safety requirements for workers use of work equipment, storage systems are considered as work equipment and therefore they are subject to specific legislation concerning safety and risk prevention.
Furthermore, the Spanish National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, in their Technical Safety Note NTP 852 Adjustable pallet racking , defines the risks associated with the use of racking and the preventive and protective measures to be adopted in each case.
Finally, standard UNE-EN 15635 Steel static storage systems. Application and maintenance of storage equipment , constitutes the most important normative document regulating the use and maintenance of storage equipment. It places special significance on training the users of storage systems to ensure safe warehouse operation. What is more, it establishes the requisite for storage equipment to be inspected by technically competent personnel at least once a year.
The main aim of the regulatory framework described above is to minimise risks inherent to the use of storage equipment and ensure the safe operation of the warehouse.
The user of the storage system is responsible for the safety of those who work in the equipment’s environment and for maintaining it in safe operating conditions. A risk assessment study is compulsory in order to minimise the possibilities of structural damage and its associated consequences.
In this regard, standard UNE-EN 15635 establishes a list of responsibilities and competences covering all the parties involved:
As such, the user must consider the following responsibilities, amongst others:
For their part the supplier must:
Obtain your inspection certificate
At your request qualified and experienced Estanterías Record staff will perform a rigorous inspection in accordance with standard UNE-EN 15635 and based on our own RTI methodology, which consists of:
Upon completion of the RTI process, the user will obtain: